Imágenes borradas y letras cambiadas: el español en el paisaje lingüístico de Utica, NY
The Hispanic population of Utica, a small city in central New York State, has grown rapidly in the last ¬fty years. Simultaneously, the number of Spanish-speakers and the visibility of the Spanish language in the public sphere have grown. This essay summarizes the presence of Spanish in public places in Utica and then describes two anecdotes about Spanish in the linguistic landscape of the city. Symbols were erased in one case, and in the other, one word was changed. This essay analyzes these two episodes in the history of the Hispanic community of Utica and what they mean regarding the language and identity of that group.